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Where AI and Neuroscience Converge

#DidYouKnow about the unique relationship between artificial intelligence and #neuroscience?

💻 Today, using modern neural networks can help us solve complex #computational problems that people would consider impossible a decade ago

🧠 You might be thrilled to hear that a similarly amazing system can be found in your head: the human brain

🏠 Among many others, the most obvious similarity between biological and artificial neural networks lies in the architecture

🧱 With #neurons as tiny building blocks that can do simple computations, when put together, the entire system can accomplish impressive feats!

👶 Training a #neuralnetwork is often compared to the way we try to teach babies using flashcards - shuffle pictures of cats and dogs, then label them as “cat” or “dog” respectively

🍽 In deep learning, however, the system is hungry for tons of labeled data and tends to be heavily supervised. With babies, learning involves rich visual stimuli and is believed to be mostly unsupervised

📖 This is considered to be one of the major differences between backpropagated artificial learning and biological learning

That being said, the intersection between neuroscience 🧠 and #AI 🤖 has resulted in significant impacts in both domains

🔄 While neuroscientific discoveries inspired the development of AI systems, AI research has generated new ideas and techniques to explore brain functions

🐶 #ReinforcementLearning (RL) is a well-known example that has sparked neuroscience studies into how animals learn to change their behavior to maximize reward

#DenseAssociativeMemory models which are considered to be important mathematical tools for AI may also help explain memory-based animal behavior in neuroscience

📹 If this topic fascinates you, feel free to check out DmitryKrotov ’s talk on Biologically Inspired Neural Networks at #MIT

Contributing Editor: Nathanya Queby Satriani Women in AI & Robotics core team volunteer.

➡ Follow Women in AI & Robotics to remain in the know of our upcoming workshops, programs, and articles. Message us if you'd like to be a guest editor for our Did You Know series.

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