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Imitation Game/Turing Test

โ“ Did you know that the #Turingtest created in 1950 is used to evaluate the intelligence of machines?

๐Ÿ’Ž In his paper titled "Computing Machinery and Intelligence" published in 1950, #AlanTuring suggests that a machine is considered intelligent if it can carry on a conversation with a human without the human knowing he/she is conversing with a machine.

๐Ÿ’Ž His paper proposes a #game where a human judge has a text conversation with unseen players. The judge then evaluates players' responses. To pass the test a computer must be able to replace one of the players without substantially changing the results. This test came to be known as the Turing test or the Imitation Game.

๐Ÿ’Ž Thought out the years many #artificialintelligence#chatbots were developed with few coming close to passing the Turing test.

๐Ÿ’Ž ELIZA is a #bot created in 1966 by Joseph Welzenbaum. Eliza was able to fool the judges into thinking sheโ€™s intelligent by giving โ€œnon-directionalโ€ responses. ELIZA pretends to be a psychotherapist. But purposefully diverting the conversation and changing topics will make her easily slip.

๐Ÿ’Ž PARRY was developed in 1972 by psychiatrist known as Kenneth Colby using Lisp. PARRY was created to mimic a paranoid schizophrenic. It fooled 48% of the judges when tested on a variation of the #Turing test where the other players were schizophrenic.

๐Ÿ’Ž EUGENE GOOSTMAN was developed in 2014 and it stimulated a 13-year-old boy from Ukraine It was able to fool 1/3 judges but that was mainly because the judge attributed its unintelligent responses to communication and language barriers.

๐Ÿ’Ž Later in 2018, the #Google AI duplex was able to reserve an appointment with a hair dresser. The hairdresser had no idea she was talking to an AI #bot!

๐Ÿ’Ž However, no #AI#chatbot has successfully passed the #Turing test to this date. If you tried to communicate with them in an area, they are not trained on; you would see them get befuddled in what a 5 year old can easily understand!

๐Ÿ’Ž Further info and Fun links in comment below.

Contributing Editor: Eman Shemsu

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